This document meets the deliverable requirement for Task 5, Develop Final Report for a Demand Response Analysis and Control System (DRACS) for Research Opportunity DR ETD‐02‐01.
The grant was provided to the EnerNex team to address two research topics and questions identified in the opportunity notice:
• “Using a military (or another, such as air traffic control) C3I (Command, Control, Communication, and Information) system as a model, adapt it to conceptually deal with C2I electricity applications such as dispatching DER to keep the lights on. Compare and contrast the chosen C3I model with the requirements for implementing a C2I strategy for integrating utility control, communications and information systems. Are there analogies that indicate utilities can operate in a similar fashion? If not, what are the gaps that need to be filled and is it feasible to fill the gaps?
• Given current utility systems and assuming the systems are integrated, how would the CAISO or an UDC operate its control centers in a military (or another) C3I style? With up‐to‐date real‐time information and the ability to control all of its available assets, given a particular operational scenario, how would a plan to address the scenario be executed using strategies based on military (or another) C3I?”
This report is based on careful studies, close interaction with San Diego Gas & Electric stakeholders, and coordinated efforts between EnerNex Demand Response experts, the Open Smart Grid AMI Enterprise team, and C3I system engineers at Oak Ridge National Laboratories (ORNL).