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Cyber Security

Integration of information technology (IT) and telecommunications infrastructures into the traditional electric power system have transformed the historical electricity network into a smarter electricity grid that enables real-time sensing, measurement, control, and two-way energy and information flow among various devices. As cyber infrastructure has become a critical component to the energy sector infrastructure, management and protections of cyber systems and IT components at all levels are required to prevent access to unauthorized functions, especially as they relate to grid operations. Cyber infrastructure and cyber security are terms defined by the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP) as:

Cyber Infrastructure: Includes electronic information and communications systems and services and the information contained in these systems and services. Information and communications systems and services are composed of all hardware and software that process, store, and communicate information, or any combination of all of these elements. Processing includes the creation, access, modification, and destruction of information. Storage includes paper, magnetic, electronic, and all other media types. Communications include sharing and distribution of information. For example: computer systems; control systems (e.g., SCADA); networks, such as the Internet; and cyber services (e.g., managed security services) are part of cyber infrastructure.

Cyber Security: The protection required to ensure confidentiality, integrity and availability of the electronic information communication system. With the adoption and implementation of the Smart Grid, the IT and telecommunication sectors will be more directly involved. These sectors have existing cyber security standards to address vulnerabilities and assessment programs to identify known vulnerabilities in these systems. These same vulnerabilities need to be assessed in the context of the Smart Grid. In addition, the Smart Grid has additional vulnerabilities due to its complexity, large number of stakeholders, and highly time-sensitive operational requirements.

Selected cyber security documents are listed below:


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245   results
Title Source Year Document Typesort icon
Cyber Security of Industrial Control Systems (ICS)
IEEE Smart Grid
2009
Short course
National SCADA Test Bed: Control Systems Cyber Security for managers and Operators
DOE - INL
2007
Short course
Task Force Smart Grid - Expert Group 2: Regulatory Recommendations for Data Safety, Data Handling and Data Protection
EU Commission SG TF
2011
Report
NISTIR 7628 Draft 2 - Smart Grid Cyber Security Strategy and Requirements
NIST
2010
Report
Cyberspace PolIcy RevIew: Assuring a Trusted and Resilient Information and Communications Infrastructure
WhiteHouse
2009
Report
ABB SCADA/EMS System: INEEL Baseline Summary Test Report
DOE - INL
2004
Report
Common Cyber Security Vulnerabilities Observed in Control System Assessments by the INL NSTB Program
DOE - INL
2008
Report
Lessons Learned From Cyber Security Assessments of SCADA and Energy Management Systems
DOE - INL
2006
Report
Network Security Infrastructure Testing
DOE - INL
2005
Report
A Summary of Control System Security Standards Activities in the Energy Sector
DOE - INL
2005
Report
Accelerating Smart Grid Investments
Accenture
2009
Report
A Comparison of Cross-Sector Cyber Security Standards
DOE - INL
2005
Report
Design and Operation of an Open, Interoperable Automated Demand Response Infrastructure for Commercial Buildings
DOE - LBL
2009
Report
Minimum Security Requirements for Federal Information and Information Systems
NIST
2006
Report
National Infrastructure Protection Plan
DHS
2009
Report
Managing Risk from Information Systems: An Organizational Perspective
NIST
2010
Report
NISTIR 7628 Draft 1 - Smart Grid Cyber Security Strategy and Requirements
NIST
2009
Report
Study of Security Attributes of Smart Grid Systems - Current Cyber Security Issues
DOE - INL
2009
Report
AMI System Security Requirements
UCAIUG
2008
Report
Position Statement on Cyber Security - NEMA
NEMA
2010
Report
Communications Requirements Of Smart Grid Technologies
DOE
2010
Report
Data Access And Privacy Issues Related To Smart Grid Technologies
DOE
2010
Report
NSTB Assessments Summary Report: Common Industrial Control System Cyber Security Weaknesses
INL
2010
Report
Network Security Architecture for Demand Response/Sensor Networks
CEC
2005
Report
NISTR 7628 - Guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber Security: Vol. 1, Smart Grid Cyber Security Strategy, Architecture, and High-Level Requirements
NIST
2010
Report
NISTIR 7628 - Guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber Security: Vol. 3, Supportive Analyses and References
NIST
2010
Report
NISTR 7628 - Guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber Security: Vol. 2, Privacy and the Smart Grid
NIST
2010
Report
Reliability Considerations From The Integration Of Smart Grid
NERC
2010
Report
Smart Grid Cyber Security
NIST
2011
Report
A Policy Framework for the 21st Century Grid: Enabling Our Secure Energy Future
NSTC
2011
Report
Advanced Metering Infrastructure Security Considerations
SNL
2007
Report
Control System Devices: Architectures and Supply Channels Overview
SNL
2010
Report
Cyber Effects Analysis Using VCSE—Promoting Control System Reliability
SNL
2008
Report
Control Systems Security Standards Accomplishments & Impacts
SNL
2007
Report
National SCADA Test Bed Consequence Modeling Tool
SNL
2007
Report
SmartHouse/SmartGrid: D1.2 Technology Trends for SmartHouse/SmartGrid
Smarthouse-Smartgrid Consortium
2010
Report
SmartHouse/SmartGrid: D2.1 In-house Architecture and Interface Description
Smarthouse-Smartgrid Consortium
2009
Report
Cyber Security for Utility Operations
SNL
2005
Report
A Threat Analysis Framework as Applied to Critical Infrastructures in the Energy Sector
SNL
2007
Report