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Cyber Security

Integration of information technology (IT) and telecommunications infrastructures into the traditional electric power system have transformed the historical electricity network into a smarter electricity grid that enables real-time sensing, measurement, control, and two-way energy and information flow among various devices. As cyber infrastructure has become a critical component to the energy sector infrastructure, management and protections of cyber systems and IT components at all levels are required to prevent access to unauthorized functions, especially as they relate to grid operations. Cyber infrastructure and cyber security are terms defined by the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP) as:

Cyber Infrastructure: Includes electronic information and communications systems and services and the information contained in these systems and services. Information and communications systems and services are composed of all hardware and software that process, store, and communicate information, or any combination of all of these elements. Processing includes the creation, access, modification, and destruction of information. Storage includes paper, magnetic, electronic, and all other media types. Communications include sharing and distribution of information. For example: computer systems; control systems (e.g., SCADA); networks, such as the Internet; and cyber services (e.g., managed security services) are part of cyber infrastructure.

Cyber Security: The protection required to ensure confidentiality, integrity and availability of the electronic information communication system. With the adoption and implementation of the Smart Grid, the IT and telecommunication sectors will be more directly involved. These sectors have existing cyber security standards to address vulnerabilities and assessment programs to identify known vulnerabilities in these systems. These same vulnerabilities need to be assessed in the context of the Smart Grid. In addition, the Smart Grid has additional vulnerabilities due to its complexity, large number of stakeholders, and highly time-sensitive operational requirements.

Selected cyber security documents are listed below:


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240   results
Titlesort icon Source Year Document Type
Reference Model for Control and Automation Systems in Electrical Power
DOE - INL
2005
White paper
P^{2} :Privacy-Preserving Communication and Precise Reward Architecture for V2G Networks in Smart Grid
IEEE
2011
Technical paper
Protecting Process Control Systems against Lifecycle Attacks Using Trust Anchors
SNL
2009
Technical paper
Protecting Process Control Systems Against Lifecycle Attacks Using Trust Anchors
NNSA, SNL
2008
Fact sheet
Protecting Industrial Control Systems. Recommendations for Europe and Member States
enisa
2011
Report
Privacy on the Smart Grid
IEEE Spectrum
2010
Magazine Articles
Privacy by Design: Achieving the Gold Standard in Data Protection for the Smart Grid
ipc.on.ca
2010
White paper
Privacy by Design and Third Party Access to Customer Energy Usage Data
Information & Privacy Commissioner Ontario, Canada
2013
Report
Present and Future ICT Infrastructures for a Smart Grid in Japan
IEEE PES
2010
Slide presentation
Position Statement on Cyber Security - NEMA
NEMA
2010
Report
Petri Net Modeling of Cyber-Physical Attacks on Smart Grid
IEEE
2011
Technical paper
Paths to Smart Grid Interoperability - Overview and Summary
GridWise Alliance
2011
White paper
Order Stating Conclusions & Next Steps In The Matter Of The Investigation Of The Issues Related To Smart Grid And Advanced Metering Technologies
Colorado PUC
2011
Docket
NSTB Assessments Summary Report: Common Industrial Control System Cyber Security Weaknesses
INL
2010
Report
Notice Of Proposed Rulemaking: In The Matter Of The Proposed Rules Relating To Smart Grid Data Privacy For Electric Utilities
Colorado PUC
2010
Docket
NISTR 7628 - Guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber Security: Vol. 2, Privacy and the Smart Grid
NIST
2010
Report
NISTR 7628 - Guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber Security: Vol. 1, Smart Grid Cyber Security Strategy, Architecture, and High-Level Requirements
NIST
2010
Report
NISTIR 7628 Draft 2 - Smart Grid Cyber Security Strategy and Requirements
NIST
2010
Report
NISTIR 7628 Draft 1 - Smart Grid Cyber Security Strategy and Requirements
NIST
2009
Report
NISTIR 7628 - Guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber Security: Vol. 3, Supportive Analyses and References
NIST
2010
Report
NIST Special Publication 1108R2: NIST Framework and Roadmap for Smart Grid Interoperability Standards, Release 2.0
NIST
2012
Report
NIST Smart Grid Program – Overview for Smart Grid Task Force
NIST
2011
Slide presentation
NIST Smart Grid Program Overview
NIST
2012
Slide presentation
NIST Smart Grid Advisory Committee (SGAC) Report
NIST
2012
Report
NIST Coordination and Acceleration of Smart Grid Standards
IEEE PES
2010
Slide presentation
Network Security Management for Transmission Systems
EPRI
2012
Technical paper
Network Security Infrastructure Testing
DOE - INL
2005
Report
Network Security Architecture for Demand Response/Sensor Networks
CEC
2005
Report
Network Architecture in Smart Grid
IEEE PES
2010
Slide presentation
National SCADA Test Bed: Control Systems Cyber Security for managers and Operators
DOE - INL
2007
Short course
National SCADA Test Bed: Hands-on Control System Cyber Security Training
DOE - INL
2009
Short course
National SCADA Test Bed Consequence Modeling Tool
SNL
2007
Report
National Infrastructure Protection Plan
DHS
2009
Report
Mitigations for Security Vulnerabilities Found in Control System Networks
DOE - INL
2006
Technical paper
Minimum Security Requirements for Federal Information and Information Systems
NIST
2006
Report
Michigan Utility Modernizes Electricity Delivery and Provides Improved Service to Customers
Smartgrid.gov
2012
Report
Managing Risk from Information Systems: An Organizational Perspective
NIST
2010
Report
Making sense out of Smart Grid cyber security standards
Cooper Power Systems
2013
White paper
Lessons Learned From Cyber Security Assessments of SCADA and Energy Management Systems
DOE - INL
2006
Report