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Cyber Security

Integration of information technology (IT) and telecommunications infrastructures into the traditional electric power system have transformed the historical electricity network into a smarter electricity grid that enables real-time sensing, measurement, control, and two-way energy and information flow among various devices. As cyber infrastructure has become a critical component to the energy sector infrastructure, management and protections of cyber systems and IT components at all levels are required to prevent access to unauthorized functions, especially as they relate to grid operations. Cyber infrastructure and cyber security are terms defined by the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP) as:

Cyber Infrastructure: Includes electronic information and communications systems and services and the information contained in these systems and services. Information and communications systems and services are composed of all hardware and software that process, store, and communicate information, or any combination of all of these elements. Processing includes the creation, access, modification, and destruction of information. Storage includes paper, magnetic, electronic, and all other media types. Communications include sharing and distribution of information. For example: computer systems; control systems (e.g., SCADA); networks, such as the Internet; and cyber services (e.g., managed security services) are part of cyber infrastructure.

Cyber Security: The protection required to ensure confidentiality, integrity and availability of the electronic information communication system. With the adoption and implementation of the Smart Grid, the IT and telecommunication sectors will be more directly involved. These sectors have existing cyber security standards to address vulnerabilities and assessment programs to identify known vulnerabilities in these systems. These same vulnerabilities need to be assessed in the context of the Smart Grid. In addition, the Smart Grid has additional vulnerabilities due to its complexity, large number of stakeholders, and highly time-sensitive operational requirements.

Selected cyber security documents are listed below:


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Title Source Year Document Typesort icon
A low-cost way to make grid communications more resilient: traffic duplication
Smart Grid News
2014
Magazine Articles
Threats to privacy become a focus of Smart Grid planning
GCN
2013
Magazine Articles
Honey pot' utility trap lures hackers in show of cyberthreats
Environment & Energy Publishing
2013
Magazine Articles
DNP3 Secure Authentication - What's all the buzz about?
SmartGridNews.com
2013
Magazine Articles
At the Cyber Crossroads
Transmission & Distribution World Magazine
2013
Magazine Articles
Securiing Power Utilities: Why standards aren't enough for automation security
Electricity Today Magazine
2012
Magazine Articles
EPRI Smart Grid Demonstration Update- November 18th, 2011
EPRI
2011
Newsletter
NISTIR 7628 Draft 1 - Smart Grid Cyber Security Strategy and Requirements
NIST
2009
Report
NISTIR 7628 Draft 2 - Smart Grid Cyber Security Strategy and Requirements
NIST
2010
Report
Cyberspace PolIcy RevIew: Assuring a Trusted and Resilient Information and Communications Infrastructure
WhiteHouse
2009
Report
ABB SCADA/EMS System: INEEL Baseline Summary Test Report
DOE - INL
2004
Report
Common Cyber Security Vulnerabilities Observed in Control System Assessments by the INL NSTB Program
DOE - INL
2008
Report
A Comparison of Cross-Sector Cyber Security Standards
DOE - INL
2005
Report
Lessons Learned From Cyber Security Assessments of SCADA and Energy Management Systems
DOE - INL
2006
Report
Network Security Infrastructure Testing
DOE - INL
2005
Report
Study of Security Attributes of Smart Grid Systems - Current Cyber Security Issues
DOE - INL
2009
Report
A Summary of Control System Security Standards Activities in the Energy Sector
DOE - INL
2005
Report
Accelerating Smart Grid Investments
Accenture
2009
Report
Design and Operation of an Open, Interoperable Automated Demand Response Infrastructure for Commercial Buildings
DOE - LBL
2009
Report
AMI System Security Requirements
UCAIUG
2008
Report
Managing Risk from Information Systems: An Organizational Perspective
NIST
2010
Report
National Infrastructure Protection Plan
DHS
2009
Report
Minimum Security Requirements for Federal Information and Information Systems
NIST
2006
Report
Network Security Architecture for Demand Response/Sensor Networks
CEC
2005
Report
Position Statement on Cyber Security - NEMA
NEMA
2010
Report
Data Access And Privacy Issues Related To Smart Grid Technologies
DOE
2010
Report
Communications Requirements Of Smart Grid Technologies
DOE
2010
Report
NSTB Assessments Summary Report: Common Industrial Control System Cyber Security Weaknesses
INL
2010
Report
NISTR 7628 - Guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber Security: Vol. 1, Smart Grid Cyber Security Strategy, Architecture, and High-Level Requirements
NIST
2010
Report
NISTR 7628 - Guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber Security: Vol. 2, Privacy and the Smart Grid
NIST
2010
Report
NISTIR 7628 - Guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber Security: Vol. 3, Supportive Analyses and References
NIST
2010
Report
Reliability Considerations From The Integration Of Smart Grid
NERC
2010
Report
Grid Strategy 2011: Security in Demonstrations
EPRI
2011
Report
Standard Portfolio Analysis at Public Service of New Mexico
EPRI
2011
Report
Consumer Data Privacy in a Networked World: A Framework For Protecting Privacy and Promoting Innovation in The Global Digital Economy
Smartgrid.gov
2012
Report
Can we learn from SCADA security incidents?
enisa
2013
Report
Protecting Industrial Control Systems. Recommendations for Europe and Member States
enisa
2011
Report
Smart Grid Security: Recommendations for Europe and Member States
enisa
2012
Report
Window of exposure… a real problem for SCADA systems? - Recommendations for Europe on SCADA patching
enisa
2013
Report