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Cyber Security

Integration of information technology (IT) and telecommunications infrastructures into the traditional electric power system have transformed the historical electricity network into a smarter electricity grid that enables real-time sensing, measurement, control, and two-way energy and information flow among various devices. As cyber infrastructure has become a critical component to the energy sector infrastructure, management and protections of cyber systems and IT components at all levels are required to prevent access to unauthorized functions, especially as they relate to grid operations. Cyber infrastructure and cyber security are terms defined by the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP) as:

Cyber Infrastructure: Includes electronic information and communications systems and services and the information contained in these systems and services. Information and communications systems and services are composed of all hardware and software that process, store, and communicate information, or any combination of all of these elements. Processing includes the creation, access, modification, and destruction of information. Storage includes paper, magnetic, electronic, and all other media types. Communications include sharing and distribution of information. For example: computer systems; control systems (e.g., SCADA); networks, such as the Internet; and cyber services (e.g., managed security services) are part of cyber infrastructure.

Cyber Security: The protection required to ensure confidentiality, integrity and availability of the electronic information communication system. With the adoption and implementation of the Smart Grid, the IT and telecommunication sectors will be more directly involved. These sectors have existing cyber security standards to address vulnerabilities and assessment programs to identify known vulnerabilities in these systems. These same vulnerabilities need to be assessed in the context of the Smart Grid. In addition, the Smart Grid has additional vulnerabilities due to its complexity, large number of stakeholders, and highly time-sensitive operational requirements.

Selected cyber security documents are listed below:


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240   results
Title Source Yearsort icon Document Type
Design and Operation of an Open, Interoperable Automated Demand Response Infrastructure for Commercial Buildings
DOE - LBL
2009
Report
National Infrastructure Protection Plan
DHS
2009
Report
NISTIR 7628 Draft 1 - Smart Grid Cyber Security Strategy and Requirements
NIST
2009
Report
Study of Security Attributes of Smart Grid Systems - Current Cyber Security Issues
DOE - INL
2009
Report
Smart Grid White Paper: The Home Appliance Industry’s Principles & Requirements for Achieving a Widely Accepted Smart Grid
AHAM
2009
White paper
Protecting Process Control Systems against Lifecycle Attacks Using Trust Anchors
SNL
2009
Technical paper
SmartHouse/SmartGrid: D2.1 In-house Architecture and Interface Description
Smarthouse-Smartgrid Consortium
2009
Report
THE SMART GRID: Enabling Energy Efficiency and Demand Response
The Fairmont Press
2009
Book
The National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) - The Smart Grid: Frequently Asked Questions for State Commissions
GridWise Alliance
2009
Fact sheet
World Economic Forum - Accelerating Smart Grid Investments
GridWise Alliance
2009
Report
Security Profile for Advanced Metering Infrastructure (version 1.0)
SG Security Working Group (WG) and AMI-SEC Task Force (TF), UCAIug
2009
Technical paper
Report to NIST on the Smart Grid Interoperability Standards Roadmap
NIST
2009
Report
Common Cyber Security Vulnerabilities Observed in Control System Assessments by the INL NSTB Program
DOE - INL
2008
Report
AMI System Security Requirements
UCAIUG
2008
Report
Addressing Security Issues for the Smart Grid Infrastructure
AEP
2008
Slide presentation
Protecting Process Control Systems Against Lifecycle Attacks Using Trust Anchors
NNSA, SNL
2008
Fact sheet
Cyber Effects Analysis Using VCSE—Promoting Control System Reliability
SNL
2008
Report
Guide to CIP Cyber Vulnerability Assessment
SNL
2008
White paper
National SCADA Test Bed: Control Systems Cyber Security for managers and Operators
DOE - INL
2007
Short course
Advanced Metering Infrastructure Security Considerations
SNL
2007
Report
Control Systems Security Standards Accomplishments & Impacts
SNL
2007
Report
National SCADA Test Bed Consequence Modeling Tool
SNL
2007
Report
A Threat Analysis Framework as Applied to Critical Infrastructures in the Energy Sector
SNL
2007
Report
Impacts of IPv6 on Infrastructure Control Systems
SNL
2007
Report
Categorizing Threat Building and Using a Generic Threat Matrix
SNL
2007
Report
Security Metrics for Process Control Systems
SNL
2007
Report
Lessons Learned From Cyber Security Assessments of SCADA and Energy Management Systems
DOE - INL
2006
Report
Mitigations for Security Vulnerabilities Found in Control System Networks
DOE - INL
2006
Technical paper
Cyber Security of Substation Control and Diagnostic Systems
IEEE Smart Grid
2006
Short course
Minimum Security Requirements for Federal Information and Information Systems
NIST
2006
Report
Reference Model for Control and Automation Systems in Electrical Power
DOE - INL
2005
White paper
Cyber Assessment Methods for SCADA Security
DOE - INL
2005
Technical paper
Network Security Infrastructure Testing
DOE - INL
2005
Report
A Summary of Control System Security Standards Activities in the Energy Sector
DOE - INL
2005
Report
A Comparison of Cross-Sector Cyber Security Standards
DOE - INL
2005
Report
Network Security Architecture for Demand Response/Sensor Networks
CEC
2005
Report
Framework for SCADA Security Policy
SNL
2005
Technical paper
Cyber Security for Utility Operations
SNL
2005
Report
Analysis of Operations and Cyber Security Policies for a System of Cooperating Flexible Alternating Current Transmission System (FACTS) Devices Laurence
SNL
2005
Report