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Cyber Security

Integration of information technology (IT) and telecommunications infrastructures into the traditional electric power system have transformed the historical electricity network into a smarter electricity grid that enables real-time sensing, measurement, control, and two-way energy and information flow among various devices. As cyber infrastructure has become a critical component to the energy sector infrastructure, management and protections of cyber systems and IT components at all levels are required to prevent access to unauthorized functions, especially as they relate to grid operations. Cyber infrastructure and cyber security are terms defined by the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP) as:

Cyber Infrastructure: Includes electronic information and communications systems and services and the information contained in these systems and services. Information and communications systems and services are composed of all hardware and software that process, store, and communicate information, or any combination of all of these elements. Processing includes the creation, access, modification, and destruction of information. Storage includes paper, magnetic, electronic, and all other media types. Communications include sharing and distribution of information. For example: computer systems; control systems (e.g., SCADA); networks, such as the Internet; and cyber services (e.g., managed security services) are part of cyber infrastructure.

Cyber Security: The protection required to ensure confidentiality, integrity and availability of the electronic information communication system. With the adoption and implementation of the Smart Grid, the IT and telecommunication sectors will be more directly involved. These sectors have existing cyber security standards to address vulnerabilities and assessment programs to identify known vulnerabilities in these systems. These same vulnerabilities need to be assessed in the context of the Smart Grid. In addition, the Smart Grid has additional vulnerabilities due to its complexity, large number of stakeholders, and highly time-sensitive operational requirements.

Selected cyber security documents are listed below:


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237   results
Titlesort icon Source Year Document Type
Communications Requirements Of Smart Grid Technologies
DOE
2010
Report
Common Vulnerabilities in Critical Infrastructure Control Systems
NNSA, SNL
2003
Report
Common Cyber Security Vulnerabilities Observed in Control System Assessments by the INL NSTB Program
DOE - INL
2008
Report
Commissioner Moeller Discusses Cyber & Physical Security
IEEE PES
2010
Audio presentation
Cisco Connected Grid Security for Field Area Network
Cisco
2013
White paper
Challenges of Cyber Security in Smart Grids
IEEE PES
2010
Slide presentation
Categorizing Threat Building and Using a Generic Threat Matrix
SNL
2007
Report
Can we learn from SCADA security incidents?
enisa
2013
Report
Building a Smarter Smart Grid: Counteracting Cyber-threats in Energy Distribution
Wind River
2013
Technical paper
Best Practices for SCADA Security
SNL
2011
HTML
Authentication and Authorization for Smart Grid Application Interfaces
IEEE
2011
Technical paper
Aurora Vulnerability: Issues & Solutions Hardware Mitigation Devices (HMDs)
IEEE PES GM 2011
2011
Slide presentation
Attack Trees for Selected Electric Sector High Risk Failure Scenarios
EPRI
2013
Slide presentation
At the Cyber Crossroads
Transmission & Distribution World Magazine
2013
Magazine Articles
ARRA Smart Grid Cyber Resources
PNNL
2010
HTML
Analysis of Selected Electric Sector High Risk Failure Scenarios
EPRI
2013
Technical paper
Analysis of Operations and Cyber Security Policies for a System of Cooperating Flexible Alternating Current Transmission System (FACTS) Devices Laurence
SNL
2005
Report
An Intelligent Agent-Based Distributed Architecture For Smart-Grid Integrated Network Management
IEEE
2010
Technical paper
An Integrated Security System of Protecting Smart Grid Against Cyber Attacks
IEEE PES
2010
Slide presentation
AMI System Security Requirements
UCAIUG
2008
Report
AMI Cyber Security Incident Response Guidelines
EPRI
2012
Report
American Electric Power - Community Energy Storage
IEEE PES GM 2011
2011
Slide presentation
Advanced Security Acceleration Project for Smart Grid (ASAP-SG)
IEEE PES
2010
Slide presentation
Advanced SCADA Security Red/Blue Team (5 days) - National SCADA Test Bed Program
DOE - INL
2009
Short course
Advanced Metering Infrastructure Security Considerations
SNL
2007
Report
Addressing Security Issues for the Smart Grid Infrastructure
AEP
2008
Slide presentation
Achieving High Performance in Smart Grid Data Management
Accenture
2010
White paper
Accelerating Smart Grid Investments
Accenture
2009
Report
ABB SCADA/EMS System: INEEL Baseline Summary Test Report
DOE - INL
2004
Report
A Utility Application Implementation Strategy Using the EPRI IntelliGrid Methodology and the GridWise Architecture Council Stack as a Model
EPRI
2011
White paper
A User-Centric Privacy Manager for Future Energy Systems
IEEE
2010
Technical paper
A Threat Analysis Framework as Applied to Critical Infrastructures in the Energy Sector
SNL
2007
Report
A Summary of Control System Security Standards Activities in the Energy Sector
DOE - INL
2005
Report
A Reference Model for Control and Automation Systems in Electric Power
NNSA, SNL
2005
Technical paper
A Policy Framework for the 21st Century Grid: Enabling Our Secure Energy Future
NSTC
2011
Report
A Policy Framework for the 21st Century Grid: Enabling Our Secure Energy Future
NIST
2011
Report
A low-cost way to make grid communications more resilient: traffic duplication
Smart Grid News
2014
Magazine Articles
A Group-Based Protocol for Improving Energy Distribution in Smart Grids
IEEE
2011
Technical paper
A Dependency Graph Approach for Fault Detection and Localization Towards Secure Smart Grid
IEEE
2011
Technical paper