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Installation, Operation, and Maintenance Strategies to Reduce the Cost of Offshore Wind Energy
Author:
Maples, B.; Saur, G.; Hand, M.; van de Pieterman, R.; Obdam, T.
Year:
2013
Abstract:

"Currently, installation, operation, and maintenance (IO&M) costs contribute approximately 30% to the LCOE of offshore wind plants. To reduce LCOE while ensuring safety, this paper identifies principal cost drivers associated with IO&M and quantifies their impacts on LCOE. The paper identifies technology improvement opportunities and provides a basis for evaluating innovative engineering and scientific concepts developed subsequently to the study. Through the completion of a case study, an optimum IO&M strategy for a hypothetical offshore wind project is identified."

Document Type:
Report
Source:
NREL