The oldest legislative activates in Colorado have primarily dealt with renewable energy deployment and permitting, such as solar wind and energy-efficiency access laws that prohibit residential covenants that restrict access. The solar portion dates back to 1979 and was expanded to other technologies in 2008. (HB 08-1270)
2008 saw the adoption of solar and wind permitting standards, primarily to prevent counties and municipalities from charging a prohibitively high a cost to permit. (SB 08-117) [3, 4]
In 2004 a renewable-energy ballot initiative was approved by Colorado voters to have the Public Utilities Commission adopt standards for net metering, since that time the house and senate have each made several changes in 2008 and 2009.
In 2007 smart grid deployment in Colorado became a key legislative issue. The Colorado legislature directed the Public Utilities Commission to direct all utilities to develop demand response programs and file a report describing their demand side management program yearly. (HB 07-1037) 
In 2007 Colorado enacted legislation to allow counties and municipalities to offer incentives to residential and commercial property owners for renewable energy. (SB 07-145) 
Colorado Public Utilities Commission started reviewing small scale distributed generators in 1982. This eventually grew to include net metering in 2005 after voters approved a renewable-energy ballot initiative in 2004. By 2009 the Commission approved Time of Use for industrials and approved demand side management cost adjustments for pilot projects involving demand side management but without their own rate schedule. [6, 7, 8]
“In March 2008, the Colorado Public Utilities Commission decided not to adopt PURPA Standard 14 (“Time-Based Metering and Communications”) as enacted in EPACT 2005. The Commission stated that its decision is based in part on the fact that the Public Service Company of Colorado is building (with Xcel Energy) the Smart Grid City in Boulder, CO, and that Aquila Networks intends to deploy AMI in the City of Pueblo. Furthermore, the Commission said that it intends to consider “issues related to Smart Metering, among other issues, in an upcoming investigatory docket.” As a result, the Commission determined “that implementation of the Smart Metering standard is not appropriate at this time.”” 
Time-of-Use rates break the cost for electricity into periods with demand and energy priced on-peak or off-peak.
Demand side management rider is charged to all rate schedules approved to make up costs associated with pilot projects dealing with demand side management where a customer signs up to allowing specific electrical equipment to be interrupted.
Net metering is available for any customer’s facility where energy production exceeds the energy supplied by the Company.
Distributed generators include qualifying cogeneration and small power production facilities where prices are based on the Company’s avoided cost of energy.
Utilities and Rate Schedules
Black Hills Energy
- Black Hills Energy Rates
City of Colorado Springs Utilities
- City of Colorado Springs Utilities Rates
Intermountain Rural Electric Association
Public Service Company of Colorado
- Public Service Company of Colorado Rates
See the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) for information on consumer-owned Cooperatives: http://www.nreca.org/members/MemberDirectory/Pages/default.aspx
Colorado has a state sales tax incentive that counties and municipalities can offer sales tax rebates or credits to residential and commercial property owners for renewable energy. The state also has a state rebate program on photovoltaics and wind for commercial and residential customers. Several local utilities also offer rebates for renewable energy installation.
More information can be found in the Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE): http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/index.cfm?re=1&ee=1&spv=0&st=0&srp=1&state=CO
State Energy Office:
- Governor’s Office of Energy Management and Conservation
State Authority Dealing with Energy Regulation:
- State of Colorado Department of Regulatory Agencies Public Utilities Commission Division
- Docket Search: http://www.dora.state.co.us/puc/PUCsearch1.html
Colorado Revised Statutes
Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE): http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/index.cfm?re=1&ee=1&spv=0&st=0&srp=1&state=CO
 Demand Response and Smart Metering Policy Actions Since the Energy Policy Act of 2005: A Summary for State Officials, Prepared by the U.S. Demand Response Coordinating Committee for The National Council on Electricity Policy, Fall 2008. URL: http://www.oe.energy.gov/DocumentsandMedia/NCEP_Demand_Response_1208.pdf
 Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency, Colorado Local Option – Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems, 05/11/2010. URL: http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=CO50F&re=1&ee=1
 Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency, Colorado Solar Construction Permitting Standards, 06/24/2009. URL: http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=CO45R&re=1&ee=1
 Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency, Colorado Bolder- Solar Access Ordinance, 07/08/2009. URL: http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=CO08R&re=1&ee=1
 Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency, Colorado – Net Metering, 09/18/2009. URL: http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=CO26R&re=1&ee=1
 Colorado – Electric, Public Service Company of Colorado. URL: https://www.xcelenergy.com/Save_Money_&_Energy/Residential/Rate_Options
 Colorado Springs Utilities, Electric Rate Schedules. URL: http://www.csu.org/residential/customer/Pages/ratesfees.aspx
 Black Hills Energy, Schedule of Rates for Electric Service. URL: