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Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) (RDSI) - Perfect Power Demonstration
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Lead Organization:
Illinois Institute of Technology
HQ Location:
Chicago, Illinois
Project Contact Information:
 Brian Mollohan

Brian Mollohan
Project Manager
National Energy Technology Laboratory
3610 Collins Ferry Road
Morgantown, WV 26507-0880

Mohammad Shahidehpour
Principal Investigator
Illinois Institute of Technology
Robert W. Galvin Center for Electricity Innovation,
Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL 60616

Project URL:
Project Summary:

llinois Institute of Technology (IIT) in collaboration with Exelon, the Galvin Electricity Initiative (GEI), S&C Electric and other key partners (the team) proposed to develop, demonstrate, promote, and commercialize a system and supporting technologies that will achieve "Perfect Power" at the main campus of IIT. This project featured a self healing, learning and self-aware Smart Grid that identifies and isolates faults, reroutes power to accommodate load changes and generation, and dispatches generation and reduces demand based on price signals, weather forecasts, and loss of grid power.

Project Partners are [1, 2]:
– Galvin Energy Initiative
– Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT)
– Exelon
– S&C
– Schweitzer
– Endurant Energy

Project Location [1, 2]:
– Chicago, IL

Project Funding and Duration [1, 2]:
– 5 years (2008-2013)
– ~$7M Federal Funds (Department of Energy)
– ~$5M Industry Funds/non-Federal

Technologies being deployed include [2]:
– High Reliability Distribution System (HRDS): This involves high-speed, intelligent, automated switches to detect and isolate a fault without loss of power to the building; S&C Vista UDS fault-clearing switchgear in a closed-loop system with SEL-351 directional over current protection relays; a Permissive Over-reaching Transfer Trip scheme (POTT) to protect the underground feeder cables.
– Intelligent Perfect Power System Controller(IPPSC): IIT designs and provides a low cost means for coordinating a diverse set of demand response and pricing signals to optimize the facility response.
– Advanced ZibBee Wireless: IIT leverages ZigBee two-way communications to monitor, collect, and analyze data on energy usage by certain devices at IIT. At the same time, Exelon can send a signal to IPPSC which transmits signals to ZigBee devices to control devices at IIT.
– Advanced Distribution Recovery Systems: IIT leverages dNetSim, a software-based distribution network simulator, with an agent-based control system for fault detection, location and isolation; feeder reconfiguration; volt/VAR management; service restoration; emergency response; and integration of distributed resources.
– Buried Cable Fault Detection and Mitigation: IIT develops a fast Fault Detection and Mitigation (FDM) system

Key Milestones:
- Advanced Distribution Automation and Recovery System demonstrated (September 2013)
- Buried Cable Fault Detection and Mitigation demonstrated (September 2013)
- Intelligent Perfect Power System Controller undergoing testing (November 2011)
- ZigBee Wireless for energy efficiency demonstrated (September 2013)
- Ancillary Service demonstrated (February 2011)
- Distribution System Automation demonstrated (August 2011)
- Distribution Level Peak Load Reduction demonstrated (December 2011)
- 50% Peak Load Reduction Capability demonstrated (September 2013)


- Reduced energy usage and emissions
- Reduce peak load


[1] Eric Lightner, "Smart Grid and DER Integration Activities Supported by the U.S. Department of Energy", presented at the 3rd international conference on Integration of Renewable and Distributed Energy Resources, Dec 10-12, 2008. URL: http://www.conference-on-integration.com/pres/54_Lightner.pdf.
[2] Steve Bossart, "Renewable and Distributed Systems Integration Demonstration Projects", EPRI Smart Grid Demonstration Advisory Meeting, October 12-14, 2009. URL: http://www.smartgrid.epri.com/doc/15%20DOE%20RDSI%20Project%20Update.pdf

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