This paper appears in: Information and Automation (ICIA), 2011 IEEE International Conference on
Issue Date: 6-8 June 2011
On page(s): 534 - 539
Location: Shenzhen, China
Print ISBN: 978-1-4577-0268-6
In this paper, an intelligent multi-mode energy-refreshing station for electric vehicles is proposed. It can offer slow charging, fast charging and battery swapping simultaneously to satisfy the various demands of EV owners. In addition, the distributed renewable energy, such as solar power and wind power, and the vehicle-to-grid technology are fully involved to maximum the overall profits and minimize the negative effect on the regional power grid.