This white paper was created by the Power System Engineering Research Center (PSERC), a national consortium of universities, government, and industry. Drawing on the differing perspectives of members of that collaborative provides insights into how to integrate theoretical concepts with practical considerations. The paper describes a vision and needed steps for reaching a national objective of having a smart grid infrastructure.
Demonstrations of a smart grid are needed to identify possible improvements and to show effectiveness from the generation system, to the bulk transmission and distribution networks, and finally to the customer premises. The vision described in this white paper can make a significant contribution to the U.S. DOE’s efforts to lead the nation in developing and deploying a smart grid solution that will efficiently support a low‐carbon energy infrastructure portfolio.
This paper’s focus is on technological considerations in developing smart grid solutions. However, to maximize the benefits of a smart grid, demonstrations should allow for rigorous assessment of customer participation challenges, too. In addition, public policy scenarios should be considered when they affect decisions on smart grid implementation.
The seven objectives of the smart grid, as identified by the U.S. DOE, are:
1. Enabling informed participation by customers
2. Accommodating all generation and storage options
3. Enabling new products, services, and markets
4. Providing the power quality for the range of needs in the 21st century economy
5. Optimizing asset utilization and operating efficiently
6. Addressing disturbances through automated prevention, containment, and restoration
7. Operating resiliently against all hazards.