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Arkansas

Legislative activities

While the legislature has not yet approved any laws specifically addressing smart grids, the Arkansas state legislature has passed legislation focusing on net-metering and interconnection standards. In April 2001 the Arkansas state legislature directed the Arkansas Public Service Commission (PSC) to establish net-metering and interconnection standards for certain renewable-energy systems, and expanded the net-metering legislation in April 2007. [5, 6]


Regulatory activities

Prior to 2002, the Arkansas Public Service Commission (PSC) approved a rate schedule for industrial-scale distributed generation which included the establishment of residential-scale net metering by 2008. The commission approved demand-side management for industrial customers in 2000, which was subsequently expanded to include commercial customers. By 2007 Time-of-Use rates had been reviewed for all customer types, and by 2009 the PSC had approved a pilot for day-ahead pricing available to industrial customers. [2, 3, 4]

“In January 2007, the Arkansas Public Service Commission issued an Order establishing “Guidelines on Resource Planning for Electric Utilities,” which require utilities to consider all generation, transmission, and demand response options in the region. Specifically, these guidelines direct utilities to “give ‘comparable consideration’ to demand and supply resources and to assess ‘all reasonably useful and economic supply and demand resources that may be available to a utility or its customers,’ and to identify and investigate resources including ‘energy efficiency, conservation, demand-side management, interruptible load, and price responsive demand.’”

In August 2007, the Commission decided not to adopt PURPA Standard 14 (“Time-Based Metering and Communications”) as enacted in EPACT 2005. The Commission declined adoption because it indicated that it can best foster the “the development of various Demand Response technologies and practices” through “utility-specific rate or tariff proceedings.” In the course of the proceeding to consider EPACT 1252, utilities filed and the Commission approved “quick start and/or pilot” efficiency programs to run through 2009, some of which include demand response. By way of further evidence of giving due consideration to EPACT 1252, the Commission noted that it issued “Guidelines on Resource Planning for Electric Utilities” in a related proceeding through which it addresses demand response and metering. Specifically, these guidelines direct utilities to “give ‘comparable consideration’ to demand and supply resources and to assess ‘all reasonably useful and economic supply and demand resources that may be available to a utility or its customers,’ and to identify and investigate resources including ‘energy efficiency, conservation, demand-side management, interruptible load, and price responsive demand.’”” [1]

Distributed generators include qualifying cogeneration and small power production facilities where prices are negotiated and small net-metering customers where the price is determined by reducing the number of owed kilowatt-hours.

Time-of-use rates break the cost for electricity into periods on a seasonal basis for either on-peak or off-peak pricing.

Demand-side management requires reducing consumption to attain a minimum level of consumption when called upon by the company to be credited a posted hourly price, during a contract time period.


Utilities and Rate Schedules

CenterPoint Energy
- CenterPoint Energy Rates

Empire District Electric Company
- Empire District Electric Company Rates

Entergy Arkansas
- Entergy Arkansas Residential Rates
- Entergy Arkansas Business Rates

OG&E
- OG&E Rates

Southwestern Electric Power Company
- Southwestern Electric Power Company Rates

See the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) for information on consumer-owned Cooperatives: http://www.nreca.org/members/MemberDirectory/Pages/default.aspx


State-Level Incentives

Arkansas has a state rebate program addressing photovoltaics and wind for commercial, residential, nonprofits, and local government entities.

More information can be found in the Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE): http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/index.cfm?re=1&ee=1&spv=0&st=0&srp=1&state=AR


Additional Resources

State Energy Office:
- Arkansas Economic Development Commission Energy Office

State Authority Dealing with Energy Regulation:
- Arkansas Public Service Commission
- Docket Search: http://www.apscservices.info/efilings/docket_search.asp

Arkansas Code

Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE): http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/index.cfm?re=1&ee=1&spv=0&st=0&srp=1&state=AR


References

[1] Demand Response and Smart Metering Policy Actions Since the Energy Policy Act of 2005: A Summary for State Officials, Prepared by the U.S. Demand Response Coordinating Committee for The National Council on Electricity Policy, Fall 2008. URL: http://www.oe.energy.gov/DocumentsandMedia/NCEP_Demand_Response_1208.pdf
[2] Residential Rate and Rider Schedules Entergy Arkansas, Inc. URL: http://www.entergy-arkansas.com/your_home/tariffs.aspx
[3] Commercial and Industrial Rate and Rider Schedules Entergy Arkansas, Inc. URL: http://www.entergy-arkansas.com/Your_Business/Business_Tariffs.aspx
[4] OG&E Discover Customer Rates Arkansas Rate Tariffs. URL:, http://www.oge.com/business-customers/billing-and-payment/Pages/RateInfo.aspx
[5] Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency, Arkansas – Net Metering, 01/06/2010. URL: http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=AR03R&re=1&ee=1
[6] Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency, Arkansas Interconnection Standards, 01/06/2010. URL: http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=AR06R&re=1&ee=1ww.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=AR06R&re=1&ee=1