While the North Dakota state legislature has not yet approved any laws specific with smart grid as early as 1977 they passed legislation on establishing contractual methods for entering into solar easements in 1977 and wind easements 2005. [2, 3]
The North Dakota Public Service Commission had approved distributed generation prior to 2004. By 2008 the Commission had approved demand side management for business customers by 2006 as well as Time-of-Day rates for all customers by 2008. [4, 5]
“In August 2007, the North Dakota Public Service Commission issued an Order announcing that it would initiate a rulemaking to pursue a “modified version” of PURPA Standard 14 (“Time-Based Metering and Communications”) as enacted in EPACT 2005. Through this rulemaking, the Commission indicates it anticipates mandating utilities to do the following:
- Offer time-based rate schedules—including TOU pricing, critical-peak pricing, real-time pricing, and credits for customers with pre-established load reduction programs—to large C&I customers
- Provide each large C&I customer, who requests a time-based rate, with a “time-based meter capable of enabling the utility and the customer to offer and receive such rate”
In the Order, the Commission also directed each jurisdictional utility to include in its annual report a progress report of its effort toward making smart metering available for all customers.” 
Distributed generators include small qualifying power production facilities where prices are negotiated with the company.
Demand-side management includes interruptible service that charges a reduced rate to the customer for the company has the ability to de-energize specific equipment.
Time-of-use rates break the cost for electricity into periods on a seasonal basis for either on-peak or off-peak pricing.
Utilities and Rate Schedules
Montana-Dakota Utilities Co.
- Montana-Dakota Utilities Co. Rates
Otter Tail Power Co.
- Otter Tail Power Co. Rates
- Xcel Energy Business Rates
See the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) for information on consumer-owned Cooperatives: http://www.nreca.org/members/MemberDirectory/Pages/default.aspx
North Dakota offers tax credit, reductions, and exemptions for geothermal, solar, wind, water, and CHP/cogeneration.
More information can be found in the Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE): http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/index.cfm?re=1&ee=1&spv=0&st=0&srp=1&state=ND
State Energy Office:
- North Dakota Department of Commerce Division of Community Services Office of Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency
State Authority Dealing with Energy Regulation:
- North Dakota Public Service Commission
- Docket Search: http://www.psc.nd.gov/database/company_case_list.php
North Dakota Century Code
Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE): http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/index.cfm?re=1&ee=1&spv=0&st=0&srp=1&state=ND
 Demand Response and Smart Metering Policy Actions Since the Energy Policy Act of 2005: A Summary for State Officials, Prepared by the U.S. Demand Response Coordinating Committee for The National Council on Electricity Policy, Fall 2008. URL: http://www.oe.energy.gov/DocumentsandMedia/NCEP_Demand_Response_1208.pdf
 Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency, North Dakota Solar Easements, 02/15/2010. URL: http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=ND02R&re=1&ee=1
 Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency, North Dakota Wind Easements, 02/16/2010. URL: http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=ND05R&re=1&ee=1
 Montana-Dakota Utilities Co., Natural Gas & Electric Rates. URL: http://www.montana-dakota.com/Pages/ElectricandNaturalGasRates.aspx?state=North Dakota
 Otter Tail Power Company, Rates, rules and regulations, Electric service – North Dakota. URL: http://www.otpco.com/ElectricRates/RatesReferenceTable.asp#ND