As early as 1978 the Virginia state legislature established solar easement laws for solar energy systems and in 2008 allowed for reasonable restrictions concerning the size and placement of solar devices. The Virginia state legislature has passed legislation focusing on net-metering standards as early as 1999, subsequently amending and expanding the legislation in later years. (2009 H.B. 2155) [2, 3, 4]
“In May 2008, Governor Kaine signed legislation that renews the state’s Commission on Electric Utility Restructuring while renaming it the Commission on Electric Utility Regulation (SB 596). The new law also tasks this Commission with educating retail electricity consumers about demand response. The law requires the Virginia State Corporation Commission to convene a working group to identify “consumer education needs” pertaining to demand response, DSM, efficiency, and conservation.
In April 2007, Governor Kaine signed legislation that supports further deployment of load management (SB 1416). The new law says:
“That it is in the public interest, and is consistent with the energy policy goals…of the Code of Virginia, to promote cost-effective conservation of energy through fair and effective demand side management, conservation, energy efficiency, and load management programs, including consumer education.”” 
Virginia’s SCC began looking at demand response in 1992 and advance metering in 1997 for industrial customers. By 1995 they had worked with distributed stand by generators. Real Time Pricing was seriously considered prior to 2002 but only limited number of customers took advantage of the rate and has since been closed. By 2007 the SCC had also worked on residential demand side management and real-time pricing. They established Demand and Energy Time-of-Use rates and an experiential critical peak pricing for residential consumers. By 2009 they had also established rates for thermal storage. [5, 6]
As Virginia is within the PJM footprint there is the opportunity for end-use customers to participate in demand response though curtailment service providers.
“In July 2006, the Virginia State Corporation Commission decided not to adopt PURPA Standard 14 (“Time-Based Metering and Communications”) as enacted in EPACT 2005. As noted in the declining Order, “The Commission is not convinced that adoption of this standard is, at this juncture, in the public interest.” The Commission began its EPACT 1252 proceeding in February 2006.
In December 2007 and in compliance with 2007 legislation (SB 1416), the Commission reported to the Governor and the General Assembly how to meet the legislation’s goal of reducing electricity consumption by 10% (of 2006 levels) by 2022 through DSM, conservation, energy efficiency, and load management programs. The Commission’s fi ling is based on its Staff ’s report, which, in turn, stems from the findings of the Working Group the Commission formed to consider the implementation of the legislation. The Working Group concluded with the single recommendation that utilities should provide the Commission with an “expansion plan” that weighs the “avoided costs” accrued from the “implementation of a demand-side efficiency program” such as demand response.” 
Time-of-Use rates, depending on the rate are a combination of seasonal pricing, on-peak rate and an off-peak rate for energy and/or demand.
Critical peak pricing requires Automated Metering Infrastructure where the company will notify the customer no less than 30-minutes during no more than 25 periods and 125 hours a year for up to 10 hours a day.
The real-time pricing is based on the price computed by the company plus margin and adders.
Thermal storage is for any customer that receives a minimum of 50 kW of Electricity Supply Service and operates electric thermal energy storage equipment.
Curtailable service allows the company to curtail customer demand upon request within the applicable tariff levels.
Distributed generators include standby generators, qualifying cogeneration, and small power production facilities where prices are based on the PJM Interconnect Dom Zone Day Ahead Locational Marginal Price and capacity based on the PJM Interconnect Reliability Pricing Model capacity resource clearing price for the PJM zone or as otherwise negotiated.
Utilities and Rate Schedules
- Appalachian Power Rates
Dominion Virginia Power
- Dominion Virginia Power Residential Rates
- Dominion Virginia Power Business Rates
Old Dominion Electric Cooperative
Old Dominion Power
- Old Dominion Power Rates
See the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) for information on consumer-owned Cooperatives: http://www.nreca.org/members/MemberDirectory/Pages/default.aspx
Virginia offers green building incentives, and tax credits for water, wind, and solar.
More information can be found in the Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE): http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/index.cfm?re=1&ee=1&spv=0&st=0&srp=1&state=VA
State Energy Office:
- Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals & Energy Division of Energy
State Authority Dealing with Energy Regulation:
- Virginia State Corporation Commission
- Docket Search: http://docket.scc.virginia.gov/vaprod/main.asp
Code of Virginia
Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE): http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/index.cfm?re=1&ee=1&spv=0&st=0&srp=1&state=VA
 Demand Response and Smart Metering Policy Actions Since the Energy Policy Act of 2005: A Summary for State Officials, Prepared by the U.S. Demand Response Coordinating Committee for The National Council on Electricity Policy, Fall 2008. URL: http://www.oe.energy.gov/DocumentsandMedia/NCEP_Demand_Response_1208.pdf
 Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency, Virginia – Net Metering, 04/20/2010. URL: http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=VA02R&re=1&ee=1
 Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency, Virginia Solar Access Laws, 05/11/2010. URL: http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=VA15R&re=1&ee=1
 Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency, Virginia Solar Easements, 05/11/2010. URL: http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=VA08R&re=1&ee=1
 Virginia Electric and Power Company, Dominion Virginia Power Filed Tariff. URL: . URL: http://www.dom.com/dominion-virginia-power/customer-service/rates-and-tariffs/pdf/entire_filing.pdf
 Appalachian Power, Rates & Tariffs, Virginia Rates & Tariffs. URL: https://www.appalachianpower.com/account/bills/rates/APCORatesTariffsVA.aspx