Owner of the document requires that the content be not remodified or redistributed.
Share |



PNNL GridWise™ Testbed Demo Projects – Part I. Olympic Peninsula Project
Author:
PNNL
Year:
2007
Abstract:

This report describes the implementation and results of a field demonstration wherein residential electric water heaters and thermostats, commercial buildings space conditioning, municipal water pump loads, and several distributed generators were coordinated to manage constrained feeder electrical distribution through two-way communication of load status and electric price signals. The field demonstration took place in Washington and Oregon and was paid for by the U.S. Department of Energy and several northwest utilities. Price is found to be an effective control signal for managing transmission or distribution congestion. Real-time signals at 5-minute intervals are shown to shift controlled load in time. The behaviors of customers and their responses under fixed, time-of-use, and real-time price contracts are compared. Peak loads are effectively reduced on the experimental feeder. A novel application of portfolio theory is applied to the selection of an optimal mix of customer contract types.

Document Type:
Report
Source:
PNNL